This student book is a study of influential heroic figures from literature, history, society, and culture.


Designed to fulfill the requirements of the NSW Stage 6 English Year 11 Common Module - Reading to Write: Transition to Senior English, this student book provides students with an enjoyable, accessible, and detailed study of foundational literary heroes, the mythology that surrounds them, and the theoretical paradigms that seek to explain how we can read and write the hero's journey.

The texts covered include: Oedipus Rex, Romulus and Remus, Odysseus and the Cyclops, Sohrab and Rustum, Goblin Market, The Man from Snowy River, Louisa Lawson's Speech to the Dawn Club, and a variety of texts related to the Aboriginal Australian, Truganini.

This student book is of definite benefit to teachers programming for the Year 11 Common Module - Reading to Write: Transition to Senior English as it:

  • Is a complete unit of work
  • Includes a variety of engaging classroom activities that develop student skills in comprehension, analysis, interpretation, and evaluation of texts
  • Provides access to the full text of literary works covered throughout the book.

Be sure to take a look inside by downloading the sample pages.

My article entitled Empowering Young Writers was published as this month's 'Literacy Corner' feature article in The Australian Education Times!

The article offers advice to parents and teachers about narrative writing, which could be the chosen text type for the 2014 NAPLAN writing test. 

At present, I am in the middle of a "Page to Screen" unit with my Year 8 English class. We have been studying Brian Selznick's "The Invention of Hugo Cabret" and will soon be moving onto the evaluating how this has been translated onto the silver screen by Martin Scorsese.

As a bridge in between we have been composing short creative writing pieces, either in relation to images from the book, chosen images or pieces of music. I thought I'd share with you some of the examples of writing that my Year 8s have composed and how we have subsequently gone through them as a class and analysed how they have used different forms of imagery to creative variety and to make the piece more immersive and atmospheric.

AuthorAnthony Bosco

Narrative Structure of a T.V. Sitcom

In order to make a 22-minute (30 mins with commercials) T.V. Sitcom (Situational Comedy) both interesting and amusing, the writers of the show must follow very strict guidelines in terms of plot structure.

Above is a diagram, known as Freyatg’s Triangle, which explains how the plot of a T.V. Sitcom is structured.

Events in any episode, of any T.V. Sitcom, are structured approximately as follows:


1-3mins = The audience sees the characters in their “normal” state of existence. They are doing ordinary things like watching teleview (cf. The Simpsons), or having breakfast in the kitchen (cf. Two and a Half Men) or arriving home from work (cf. King of Queens). Within this first few minutes a disruption or complication is introduced that drives the action of that episode; this is known as the “incentive moment”.



4-18mins = This is a period of mounting conflict. The disruption or complication gives way to “rising action”; the characters work to resolve their problem and get their lives back to normal. In the process of trying to solve their problem, the characters encounter increasingly difficult obstacles and conflicts. For example, the cast of Futurama have been employed to deliver a package to a distant planet and in the course of doing this they are help captive by violent space aliens; Throughout the episode they must overcome increasingly more difficult challenges in order to free themselves and get back home; At around the 18min mark they will face up against their final and most difficult challenge, such as the leader of the aliens.

By increasing the intensity of the difficulty faced by the characters, the show is using a technique called “accumulation”.  In theory, it should get funnier as the show goes on.  

When the “accumulation” peaks, it is known as desis; this is the most intense and difficult moment for the characters in the episode. Ideally, it is also the funniest moment or “the big laugh” of the episode.

19-22mins = Once the show has “peaked”, the audience will rapidly lose interest. So, the show must be wrapped up quickly. In these final few minutes, we see the characters resolve their difficulties and differences. Then; denouement  or moral of the story is revealed. The “falling action” leads to a happy resolution for all the characters by the end of the episode. Once the Sitcom episode is over, there is almost never any consequences or lasting effects for the characters to deal with. Comedy is really about “getting away with it”, whilst Drama is about “dealing with things when they go wrong”.

AuthorAnthony Bosco

As a NSW Institute of Teachers endorsed provider of professional development, we offer innovative, relevant and fully resourced courses for HSC English teachers.

At Into English, we believe that if English teachers are to perform at their professional best, they need access to courses that are relevant to what they teach in the classroom. This is why we have developed a series of fully resourced, innovative and practical courses that are tailored to specific texts, allowing teachers to make the most effective professional learning choices.

“He disappeared in the dead of winter…”

The 28th January 2014 marks the 75th anniversary of the passing of one of the great literary giants – William Butler Yeats. By way of commemorating his passing, acknowledging his influence as a poet and communicating the ongoing relevance of his poems, we have put together some activities on Yeats’ poem Easter 1916, Seamus Heaney’s poem Casualty and W.H. Auden’s elegy In Memory of W.B. Yeats.


AuthorEmily Bosco